The development direction of industry of world machine tool

Current, more and more complex parts on the world use compound machine tool to undertake be machininged integratedly. Author not long ago visited the international that holds in American Chicago to make technical exhibition, discover compound treatment machine tool already made a when the machine tool develops important way. Because compound treatment machine tool is outstanding,machine working procedure entirely, achieve thereby reduce machine tool and clamping apparatus, discharge working procedure between carry and store, raise workpiece to machine precision, shorten the purpose that machines cycle and managing work area. Chicago international is made exhibit machine tool of a few kinds of when exhibit compound treatment, represented world machine tool basically the development direction henceforth, machine tool of these a few kinds of compound treatment introduces below. It is compound treatment machine tool of the foundation with turningThis kind of machine tool is compositive on the foundation of horizontal turning center and vertical turning center milling, auger cut and tap, boring, grinding and gear hobbing and insert the technique such as tine, become horizontal or vertical car mill compound treatment machine tool. Have the representative M65 that has Austrian WFLMillTunTechnologies company and M60-G; Series of the 100 Ⅲ of Japanese MAZAK company, 200 Ⅲ , 300 Ⅲ , series of QTN100MS, 250MSY, 350M; The TRAUBTNX65 of company of DEX of German IN Juan; A variety of horizontal car mill such as the TWIN65 of DMG company are compound machine a machine tool. Compound treatment machine tool has the mill of M65 horizontal car that Austrian WFLMillTunTechnologies company exhibits in exhibition certain representative. This machine tool is overall use form of layout of traditional center lathe, the structure of lathe bed of 60 ° inclined that lathe bed uses tall tigidity, linear slideway has the large measure that slideway is special design tall tigidity and fight admirably brace up quality. Lathe bed left end is box of turning main shaft, have C axis function. Right end is tailstock device. Upside of inclined lathe bed is device of main shaft of car, mill, boring, but the edge is fore-and-aft (Z axis) , transverse (X axis) , radial (Y axis) undertake sharp movement and B axis swing circumgyrate moves. In addition, b axis is OK still 2.5 ° are unit graduation, have the capacity that has rough machining of tornado car mill. The bottom of inclined lathe bed is one is in fore-and-aft and transverse all but bracket of motor-driven pilot center, use at treatment of the aperture inside end panel and boring cannot use tailstock device to support work. And M60-G the turning circumgyrate tool carrier that here the position is type of a double bit body, vertical,be in (Z1) axis, transverse (X1 axis) all can participate in linkage treatment. Consequently this machine tool has function of linkage of interpolation of much axis of X, Y, Z, B and C, below the circumstance of unmanned interpose, age into travel turning, bore, milling, grinding, gun getting, inside and outside the treatment task such as milling of treatment, Che Xi, circular arc. This machine tool deploys to amount to 120 knives at the back of main shaft box without wear away, the chain knife library that library of knife of maintenance-free disk type replaces a tradition, can deposit be as long as the 900mm, cutting tool that hefts 20kg. The position that change a knife is located in the upper part of main shaft of box of main shaft of machine tool Zun Duan, the nonproductive time that brings to reduce shuttlecock of main shaft of mill of the car when changing a knife is wasteful, the position that change a knife is in inside completely fore-and-aft journey inside library of process designing park. The 2nd cutting tool that the lower part of main shaft of mill of machine tool car configures props up accessory to use structure of distinctive and strong swallow end chamfer, can install deep Kong Zuan broach of lever of boring cutter of series of arbor, WFL, whole, inside model cutting tool of antrum treatment power and special model face boring cutter far the large cutting tool that is more than dimension of standard cutting tool. In machine tool right end main shaft upper part sets the stage that change a knife, can access automatically most two, length can amount to the 1550mm, large cutting tool that hefts 150kg. Lever of deep aperture boring cutter and inside model cutting tool of antrum treatment power can lade a variety of treatment cutting tool, can take a knife by library of left tip pivot directly, and can slip by the machine tool of one independence an operation, need not interrupt treatment. To workpiece inside, outside when the circle undertakes machining at the same time, can achieve extremely tall coaxial to spend, can assure to bore hole again at the same time the positional precision with milling surface. It is compound treatment machine tool of the foundation with millingThis kind of machine tool is compositive on the foundation of horizontal machining center and vertical machining center turning, auger cut and tap, boring, grinding and gear hobbing and insert the technique such as tine to make horizontal or vertical mill car compound treatment machine tool. Vehicle of mill of horizontal of the INTEGREXe-800V/5 that is like Japanese MAZAK company, E-1550V10 is complex machine a machine tool, circumgyrate turning function increases in the workbench of machining center of 5 axes horizontal, next is opposite can get stuck in outfit circle dish the complete treatment of the working procedure such as car of kind of spare parts implementation, mill. Compound treatment machine tool is in car of mill of vertical of INTE Juan GREXe-500HS the circumgyrate main shaft that the machine tool controls two end to set to take chuck each, right end chuck can be in axial is adjustable, can be opposite long axis kind the spare parts undertakes supporting getting stuck machining, also can undertake short to two axis at the same time in or so two end kind the treatment of the working procedure such as the car of the spare parts, mill works. Other is compound machine a machine toolDivide above outside two kinds of more popular compound treatment machine tools, in current exhibit the compound treatment machine tool that there still are a lot of other kinds on the meeting, if be used at the W-518MT of company of WILLEMIN of the DMC60S of the DMG company that good stuff machines, Switzerland,wait. Be a foundation with grinding with wheelhead circumgyrate type (may change style) compound treatment machine tool, other still have the compound treatment machine tool that combine all sorts of technology such as laser beam machining, punch, heat treatment and becomes. Anyhow, current exhibit scale of compound treatment machine tool is larger on the meeting, breed is numerous with the level taller, the progress that can see compound treatment machine tool in the ascendant. Compound treatment machine tool of future will link the development of technology of numerical control technology, software technology, IT, dependability, to component part contracted change, the structure is compact change, configuration is modular with component commercialization way develops. The function of compound treatment machine tool also can ask to develop to diversification according to the treatment of the user, promising agrees with much breed, odd a complete function sex that produces a condition with small lot is compound treatment machine tool, also promising agrees with the compound treatment machine tool with the appropriative appropriate function that improves manufacturing efficiency, bigger batch to produce a condition. In the meantime, compound processing technique also is having wide development perspective on bed of heavy-duty, large scale computer. Compound treatment is the important way that prospective machine tool develops.