In last few years, world economy continuance is exhausted anabiosis infirmly posture, domestic economy is added after entering new normal state fast put delay, our country abrasive grinds an industry to facing relatively grim exterior situation. Be in low below confused market background, environmental protection superintend and director is checked, raw material insanity rises wait for a problem, one disaster after another is more for the development that worries a company to abrasive, the industry is diffusing it seems that a sadness. When more person is blaming exterior element, ignored in-house factor however, oversight the problem that industry oneself exists. Recently, abrasive of former mechanical ministry grinds a tooling institute director, Zhengzhou president of limited company of development of Jin Ye science and technology, enjoy the State Council Fu Jun of Zou of special and subsidiary expert talked about him view and proposal with respect to trade current situation and prospective development.
Among 55 years when I work continuously in abrasive industry, altogether did 5 things: 1, research of testing instrument of quality of development of rate preexistence industry, produce a magnetic content to determine with one’s own hands appearance, frequency sclerometer. 2, the industry ego that carry out and implements mechanical department arms the strategy, the tooling that makes the industry had him considers to create base, what developed Chinese type in succession is smooth run dry wear emery cloth line, firing kiln furnace, colophony chip shapes aircrew, grind a treatment machine tool to decide a dot to make, the mould decides a dot to make etc. . . . . . . 3, breakthrough 3 grind a domain, begin the abrasive research in respect of project pottery and porcelain, in the State Council great the hold the belt in the recrystallization SiC open invite public bidding that do, agglomeration body, recrystallization is engaged in early in home, si3N4 combines the research of SiC and go into operation. 4, developed abrasive cleanness to produce equipment together with industry colleague: Qing Dynasty is blown machine, qing Dynasty of fractionize sirocco loop is blown machine, the directional and broken product line that make bead. . . . . . 5, begin environmental protection to remove dust design research. Most preexistence trade promotion uses dust catcher of efficient filter canister, still can carry on for home up to now the unit that design of dust catcher of large filter canister creates. Pour into of these 5 things my much painstaking effort, come 55 years, the heart does not change first, be infatuated with this to allow the trade that I spend in harships from beginning to end, review course unavoidable impressions myriad.
Recently 20 come to those who witnessed an industry to produce for years can gigantic add, the ego of internal composition is adjusted. Company of former backbone of key of 10 large following fades out of the market gradually, replacing civilian battalion company grows flourishingly, the competitive smoke of gunpowder that does not have foreword diffuses. The person makes between this process of hearten is: New technology, new management concept appears ceaselessly, rely on the ability of oneself, held off basically on the situation that main facility and technical support import the century before 70 time, the technology that partial China innovates if: Qing Dynasty blew the occurrence of machine to replace craft of acerbity, alkaline, bath, from now on China made the; of abrasive industry also walk out of a country the door, especially bright company rolls out gold to be blown with Qing Dynasty machine after the directional and broken concept that is core, the technical benefit that is an enterprise and economic benefits promote substantially created a condition, the abrasive product of partial enterprise also can participate in quality competition in the international market, colophony already did a large number of improvement on the foundation that forming machine group is introducing emery wheel, quality of manufacturing efficiency, product and automation degree belong to international advanced level. Anthracitic replaced SiC of oil anxious smelt to gain ground in China. But, quite one part abrasive grinds an enterprise to still be in start low, tooling the state of weakness of strength of backward, technology, still produce on the whole so far can serious superfluous, manufacturing level is low, pollution is serious.
The abrasive of a large number of exit remains low to go out, high price is entered, common grind wander in category of medium, cheap product from beginning to end, very inaccessible international is advanced level, the grinder of Chinese numerical control of a large number of exit still needs form a complete set of foreign emery wheel, arenaceous belt grinder is returned in Chinese popularity rate far insufficient.
Anyhow, current abrasive trade is fond of care half, happy is abrasive industry already became dimensions, have the demand that ego innovates and power, of care is adjust greatly in structure of this countryman economy in, can abrasive industry be in blaze renascence?
Should cause those who take seriously is:
1, the environmental protection problem of abrasive industry: These year come, although each enterprise and company of Zhengzhou gold bright remove dust in environmental protection,the respect did much significant work, but far the requirement of short of country and the need that the situation admits, the enterprise should take seriously highly and increase environmental protection investment.
2, the foundation of automation of producer type nowadays of abrasive industry is very fragile, when can just cast off concentrated model labor strike digitlization, intelligence turns production. Labor natural resources of China was not in the past already is enough and cheap.
3, the blame grinding utility of abrasive, be like,measure the product with big and additional very high cost: The material of rice of accept of body of boracic agglomeration of carborundum, carbonization, α-Al2O3 resource dominant position that should use itself energetically tries to develop.
4, the entrepreneur of proposal abrasive industry people, the change compares the production value, concept that compares dimensions,
These year come, need solves have a few problems:
1, why the power consumption of corundum smelt is in on century seventies 7 arenaceous had achieved 1970 degrees, and the period with so high now electrovalency, average level is the industry actually 2500 degrees, be because,completely aluminous quality problem?
2, arenaceous belt grinder is the equipment with a kind of efficient, low cost, high popularity rate, arenaceous belt of China is produced now had had quite level and dimensions, why arenaceous belt doesn’t grinder rise with respect to development?
3, all trades and professions been developinging automation to produce pattern energetically now, the country also is in prop up energetically intelligent robot industry, why doesn’t abrasive industry have even an unmanned workshop? Golden bright company although the corundum product line that in Guiyang 3 hill design makes is judged to be a technology by the industry advanced, but still did not implement automation. Just think: If want to accumulate promotion intelligence to turn production in industry bedding face, how can the foundation that there is mechanization, automation come true?
Review the current situation, I feel to a few need and colleagues discuss jointly:
1, the industry must organize force to do; abrasive to grind a product analysis of level of domestic and international technology, conclude on this foundation; China abrasive grinds a product to develop a program, find difference, make clear a target, such ability participate in an international market strongly to compete.
2, aggrandizement abrasive grinds provided standardization research and quality to monitor a level. The standard is crucial, the standard should consult the technical level of the international market, combinative China is actual, establish the basic threshold that gives development of OK and incentive industry, is not a few big plants attend a meeting, the result of democratic appraise sth through discussion with a few obedient majority. The standard standard that I feel us is serious lag, for instance: The standard with arenaceous F, standard that cleanness spends, the organization of emery wheel, hardness and intensity. . . . . .
3, how to activation further the function of guild? Present abrasive grinds an association to work very hard, did many good works for each enterprise, organizing an industry to develop jointly also was to use a heart, exhausted power. But it is after mechanical ministry cancel, how does guild supersede partial function of the government, how to change what leave below planned economy mode: Abrasive industry is a center with enterprise of 3 affiliated to a ministry, the pattern of unitive entire industry, transform true, have factitive more, where is the course of study of know the business, guild that knows technology, richer cohesive affinity?
4, industry need considers to develop an orgnaization. Zhengzhou of mechanical 1984 ministry direction of main attack of the 3 changes that grind place, cancel common abrasive, grind, grinding lab, the 3 content that grind had adapted for the most part, just withheld exceed hard data and place name, to 1984 from 1958 technology of grinding of common abrasive abrasive accumulates the industry dissolve for 0, from now on, the industry lost a technology to rely on, the country pledges check center lacks technical guiding capacity, the technical development of whole industry loses way. Arrive 33 years of present from 84 years, the dimensions twice of the industry grows, but the whole of technical level rises and not ideal. At this late hour, the abrasive that witnesses abroad grinds the extruding of the home made product in providing a product to be opposite, be at a loss what to do, when doesn’t the technical bibcock of the industry know to you just can be formed?
I blue, it is me those who speak of this at 4 o’clock, do not know to who should put in ‘s charge to be in charge of, who to put in ‘s charge to do? Anyhow, the trade that I expect us can no sooner has one fallen than another steps into the breach, one every day healthy, the; China that we also can grind a product for abrasive produces some day and proud.